The Alpine Newt, scientific name Ichthyosaura alpestris, is a species of newt that is found in the mountainous regions of central and southern Europe.
Alpine Newts are relatively large compared to other newt species and can grow up to 4-6 inches in length. They have a dark brown or black body with a distinctive orange or yellow underbelly. During the breeding season, males develop a distinct wavy crest on their back and tail, and their underbelly becomes bright orange or red.
Alpine Newts are semi-aquatic and can be found in a variety of freshwater habitats, including ponds, streams, and lakes. They are opportunistic feeders and will eat a variety of small aquatic invertebrates, including insects, crustaceans, and mollusks.
During the breeding season, males will engage in elaborate courtship displays to attract females. They will release pheromones into the water to attract females, and will often perform a dance-like display to court them. After mating, females will lay their eggs on aquatic vegetation, and the larvae will develop in the water until they metamorphose into adult newts.
Alpine Newts are popular pets due to their striking coloration and relatively low-maintenance requirements. However, they do require a specialized set-up with a large aquarium or terrarium that provides both a terrestrial and aquatic environment. They also need a varied diet of live insects and other small invertebrates to maintain proper health.